Basicly, Language is very important in our life, because Language is a tool of communication and it has a big influence in buliding the relationship with another people. Language is so important to transfers message to another people. by language, one may express their idea, opinion forggotten by language user. most people regard that languages is simple study which does not need specific observation. for example phonology, semantic, syntax, morphology and another. and there are four skill in language term, those are Listening, Speaking, Reading and Writing also the language components, such as Grammar, Pronunciation and vocabulary.
As the writer explain above, language has four skill. each skill has special characteristic wehether it is in teching strategies or in way to study them. From the four languge skill above, the writer regard that reading is as the first skill which is taught to the stdents in school.
In supporting the explanation above, it is important to know what is reading. Reading is a means the action of a person who reads. reading process is an attempt to drill or explore the textual passage in reading text. An active reading condition defend on the way in teaching reading influence the students to interest in doing the that. the teacher should choose the appropriate approach, in order to get the good students achievment in reading comprehension.
In indonesia, English has become a compulsary subject taught at school. It is given to the students from elementary school up to university and even there a lot of parents who ask their children to take an english course at english institution. this happen because more people are aware of the necessety to learn and master English in order to develop human resources. By understanding English people who are not only able to communicate with those from other countries but also able to broaden their knowledge by reading a lot of kinds of English text book.
One characteristic of good readers that has been noted in literature is that they are be able to make prediction about the text they read while they are reading it. In the reading there is a reading stage which will help the students understand the text easily. The pre reading stage is a phase before the students are given the reading text.
Students often do not have enough vocabulary in reading the text. so it makes them confused and they do not understand. Pre reading activity can build their vocabulary and in the same time, it will help them read comprehension, so by having this activity the students will be more active in reading, the reading lesson will be more interesting and later on will improve their ability on reading comprehension.
`In the teaching learning process, teachers ought to have the proper knowledge about the implementation of any Activities, because of the Activities are used to able to influence the students understanding and achievement in learning English. One of the Activities which implemented in teaching learning English is Pre Reading Activities.
In solving reading problem, a number of organized pre-reading approaches and methods have been proposed in the literature for facilitating reading through activation of background knowledge. Lazar (1993) classifies the provide knowledge that the reader lack as: previewing, providing background knowledge, pre-questioning, and brainstorming. The pre reading stage is a phase before students are given the reading text. the treacher usually brainstorm or arouse students prediction about the text. in the pre reading stage, the teacher will encourage the students to active their background knowledge with the topic they learn. hopely, by having this kind of activity the students will be more interesting and meaningfull which later on will improve their achievment on reading comprehension.
In Pre reading activities The students taught by asking them a few questions which are connected to the theme.for example in job and the text is about doctor .the writer ask about what the students know about health.after that he show them the picture of a doctor and then ask them “what is this picture talking about?” then he ask three students to answer it,it is purposed to encourege the other students to speak up.later he asks them to mention everything in the picture.